Facial Medical Surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body. It includes cosmetic or aesthetic surgery, reconstructive surgery, craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns.
According to the self-discrepancy theory, body shape dissatisfaction results from the discrepancies between perceived current body shape and ideal body shape based on self-evaluation standards. BSD has been found to be associated with adverse outcomes including eating disorders and depressive symptoms. Aesthetic beauty center selangor understands the associated anxiety and distress may lead to irrational weight-loss behaviors for achieving the desired body shape.
Societal norms within unique ethnic and social communities has significant influence on ideal body shape. Aesthetic beauty center selangor can help the cultural ideal shape differs between men and women, which in turn is heavily influenced by the media. For instance, aesthetic beauty center selangor visits are common among women and is reflected in their constant desire for a slimmer body irrespective of their actual body shape. Young women consider their body weight “about right” when their perceived body size is closer to the cultural ideal.
Aesthetic services malaysia can detect a mismatch between BSD and actual weight status exists when underweight people desire to be thinner or maintain the current body shape. This mismatch also occurs when normal weight people do not want to maintain their current body shapes, and overweight or obese people do not desire to have a slimmer body shape. Aesthetic services malaysia reported that East Asian women were more concerned about their facial appearance than body shape and found it easier to attain thinner bodies than Western women do, but these findings were not supported by a recent empirical study on Chinese young women.
Aesthetic services malaysia finds that Males, on the other hand, generally prefer a more muscular body shape which is also not necessarily linked to body weight status. Body image perceptions among males changes with age. Pre-adolescent boys are generally satisfied with their body but their desire for a bigger build increase as they grow up to adolescence stage. During adulthood, men are evenly split in their desire to gain or lose weight, while underestimation of body shape is still more prevalent among younger men than older men. Compared with females, however, there have been fewer studies on BSD among Asian males. With a growing prevalence of overweight and obesity worldwide as well as massive advertisement by slimming centers, deeper understanding on BSD and its determinants among contemporary Chinese men is needed.
Most previous BSD studies used samples of adolescents and students from colleges. These non-probability convenient samples could hardly represent young adults in general.